Connecting two computers using a twisted pair cable (or a switch)

Sometimes being able to connect two computers using a twisted pair cable or a switch is extremely useful for copying data.

Once we have plugged the cable in both computers (or we have plugged both cables in the switch), we must assign a new IP address to both machines:

ifconfig eth0 10.0.0.1 netmask 255.255.255.0
ifconfig eth0 10.0.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0

To check whether both computers communicate, we must ping each computer from the other one:

ping 10.0.0.1
ping 10.0.0.2

It is important to ping always the other machine, because pinging the same address (i.e., 10.0.0.1 from 10.0.0.1) always works.

If no packet has been lost, computers communicate because both can send a receive packets. But to move files, one must select a proper protocol.

For security reasons, during this connection no computer should be physically connected to the net.

When everything is done, we get the default internet connection configuration again by restarting the system or by running as administrator:

/etc/init.d/network restart
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