How to have a sorted list of your installed packages

When you want to install a new released version of your Linux system, it might be interesting to have a list of the installed packages you have in the previous version.

If you have a RPM-based distribution, all you have to do is:

rpm -qa | sort

Posted in Personal technotes. Comments Off

How to fix buttons in Ubuntu 10.04

Thanks to the solution number 8 to this issue, I got the code to fix the left-oriented buttons in Ubuntu 10.04.

Here you have the code (it is only one line):

gconftool-2 --type string --set /apps/metacity/general/button_layout "menu:minimize,maximize,close"

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Comparing PDF pages automatically

I needed to compare whether two PDF documents generated from the same TeX sources where different or not, since the generation method was slightly different for both.

Trying to compare it visually would be crazy, since the document contains more than 1400 pages. So I needed an automatic way to do it.

Albert Astals Cid from the poppler mailing list suggested to use pdftoppm and diff.

The way to automatically compare PDF pages was extremely easy: convert all pages to images, compare each pages and be warned only on the different ones.

After that, it only rests to check visually which differences contain those pages which have images that don’t match.

Posted in Digital typography, PDF, TeX. Comments Off

Doing arithmetic in TeX

I have just discovered accidentally how to perform simple arithmetic operations in TeX:

\number\numexpr 5+5\relax

And this will print the result, not the operands.

Posted in Personal technotes, TeX. Comments Off

\include and \input

Thanks to this comment, I have realized the main difference between \include and \input in LaTeX: \include has a page break before and after the file and \input doesn’t.

Posted in Personal technotes, TeX. Comments Off

Magnifying with XeTeX

When magnifying with XeTeX using the geometry package is important not to forget that the documentclass should not have the page size set on it, instead of having it set on the proper geometry option.

Posted in Personal technotes, TeX. Comments Off

When openSUSE seems not be able to handle a DHCP connection

For some strange reason, my openSUSE 11.1 distribution seems not to be able to negotiate a DHCP Ethernet connection at home. Ubuntu 9.04 and Fedora 11 (live versions) are able to do that using the same computer and connections.

The only way it seemed to work was typing dhcpcd -k eth0 and after that dhcpcd -n eth0 (both as root). I don’t know what does it actually change, since I must keep that window open and the system considers that it isn’t connected.

It might be a bug, but sorry, too tricky to be reported.

Posted in openSUSE, Personal technotes. Comments Off

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